Canadians appear to be treating hashish extra responsibly since legalization, based on the most recent hashish survey from the Authorities of Canada.
For the previous 5 years, Well being Canada has undertaken their Canadian Hashish Survey so as to monitor hashish use and perceptions each earlier than and after legalization.
Though nonetheless solely three years into legalization, the most recent figures paint an image of extra accountable attitudes in the direction of hashish in Canada, at the same time as reported charges of use improve very barely.
Observe: The annual survey itself highlights that the best way they do their polling could end in extra pro-cannabis respondents than could be mirrored in most people. Respondents are recruited by cellular and landline telephones and, in the event that they go a screening take a look at, are despatched a hyperlink to a web-based survey. Nonetheless, the figures present a baseline of knowledge to gauge perceptions and use habits over time.
A number of extra Canadians admitting to utilizing hashish
The variety of survey respondents who’re keen to confess to hashish use has gone up barely over the previous 5 years, from 22% in 2017 to 25% in 2021. These charges of improve are seen throughout three age teams, these 16-19, 20-25, and 25+, and are all properly throughout the margin of error.
Age of Initiation
Though a couple of extra Canadians seem like consuming hashish, the common age for a Canadian to be launched to hashish has elevated since legalization. The 2017 survey confirmed the common age a Canadian would first be launched to hashish was 18.7 years. This quantity has slowly climbed to twenty.4 years of age in 2021.
The variety of survey respondents who assume hashish might be behavior forming has elevated from 77% in 2017 to 89% in 2021. Apparently, the share of those that report utilizing hashish previously 12 months has additionally elevated, from 64% saying it may be behavior forming within the 2017 survey to 93% in 2021.
New methods to make use of hashish
The methods Canadians use hashish is altering, as properly. Though smoking hashish nonetheless stays the most typical mode of consumption, the usage of vape pens and hashish oils, edibles, and drinks, in addition to inhalable/dabbable concentrates has elevated, whereas smoking has declined.
Within the 2017 Canadian Hashish Survey, 94% of respondents who have been shoppers reported smoking, 34% reported consuming hashish “in food”, 20% reported utilizing a vape pen and 14% a dry flower vaporizer.
In 2021, Smoking has declined to only 74% of shoppers, whereas 54% now say additionally they “eat it in food”.
Twenty-eight p.c (28%) now additionally report utilizing a vape pen, 22% report utilizing ingestible oils or capsules, 15% report consuming hashish drinks, 10% report utilizing a dried flower vaporizer, 9% report utilizing topicals, and 6% report dabbing. (Many of those are new questions not tracked over all 5 years).
How do Canadians get hashish?
How Canadians have acquired hashish has clearly modified as properly. Whereas pre-legalization the one authorized supply for hashish was via Well being Canada’s medical channels, both buying from a licensed producer, rising your personal, or having somebody who grows it for you.
Since October 2018, although, an rising variety of regulated hashish shops and on-line platforms exist to additionally present entry. As well as, illicit market sources proceed to alter and evolve.
In 2017’s hashish survey, solely 19% of those that reported utilizing hashish for medical functions reported getting their hashish via the then ACMPR medical system (now changed by the Hashish Act).
The commonest sources for this medical hashish have been from a pal or member of the family (33%), a compassion membership or dispensary (23%), or a “Dealer” (22%).
By 2019, the primary full 12 months of legalization, the highest sources to acquire hashish have been from a authorized storefront (24%), from a pal (22%), from a authorized on-line supply (13%), from an unlawful storefront (7%), grown by or for them (6%), and from a “dealer” (6%).
Extra Canadians shopping for from authorized sources
In 2020, those that reported sourcing hashish from a authorized storefront jumped to 71%, whereas 29% reported buying from a authorized on-line supply. Six p.c (6%) stated they develop their very own hashish.
The 2020 report additionally requested about sources of illicit hashish, with 58% of respondents who reported utilizing hashish previously 12 months saying they purchased it from somebody they knew. One other 22% stated they acquired it from a bootleg on-line retailer, 20% from a “dealer”, and 19% from an unlicensed retailer/dispensary.
By 2021, 81% of these respondents buying hashish have been getting not less than a few of their purchases from a authorized storefront. One other 28% reported utilizing a authorized on-line supply whereas 6% nonetheless report rising at house.
In 2020, of these respondents who reported sourcing their hashish from illicit sources, 58% say they bought it from somebody they knew, 22% from a web-based retailer like an MoM, 20% from a “dealer”, and 19% from a bootleg retailer/dispensary.
These numbers held roughly the identical in 2021, aside from gross sales at unlicensed shops dropping to 11%. It’s additionally value noting that some shoppers could imagine a bootleg storefront and even a web-based retailer they’re buying from is authorized, which may skew these numbers.
Attitudes about driving and utilizing hashish have modified over the previous 5 years, too. Though there was appreciable concern from legislation enforcement and a few politicians that hashish impaired driving would improve with legalization, these reporting having performed so have really decreased.
In 2017, 39% of survey respondents who had used hashish previously 12 months had pushed inside two hours of utilizing hashish, with 40% of these saying they’d performed so previously 30 days. By 2021 that had lower by practically half, with simply 21% reporting having pushed inside two hours of consuming hashish, and solely 35% reporting having performed so previously 30 days.